The diseases which affect gingiva and the tissues around the teeth are called periodontal diseases. Gingival diseases progress slily and the most apparent symptom is gingival bleeding. Periodontal treatments are dentistry applications with efficient outcomes as a result of intervention with early diagnosis.
WHAT IS PERIODONTAL DISEASE ( GINGIVAL DISEASE) ?
Periodontal diseases ocur with swinging of teeth because of the lack of gingiva and bone surrounding teeth. In this painless and slily progressing disease, gingival bleeding and foul breath are among the symptoms. The earlier the gingival disease is diagnosed, the less teeth loss happen and the longer the teeth stay healthy.
HOW THE PERIODONTAL DISEASES ARE DIAGNOSED ?
People who have their dental checkup regularly are diagnosed as a result of radiographies and oral examinations. Measurement made with the help of a dentistry instrument placed between gingiva and tooth give the most apparent result.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF GINGIVAL DISEASES ?
-seperation of gingiva from teeth
– the red color of gingiva and bleeding when it is touched
– ongoing foul breath
– inflammation between gingiva and teeth
– swinging of teeth and seperation of teeth from each other
– chage of bite closure of teeth
– change of closure in romovable protheses
– ongoing bleeding whn brushing teeth
WHY THE GINGIVAL DISEASES OCCUR ?
Gingival diseases generally occur in case of lack of tooth cleaning and lack of hygiene. Bacteria hold on teeth and proliferate when not cleaning completely. They generate dental plaque layer and trigger the disease. Onthe other hand, gingival diseases in early ages may occur because of genetic reasons. In genetic gingival diseases, early treatment is very important. Although it’s an inherited disease, it can be ceased by an efficent treatment method and proper cleaning (brushing with right technique, using dental floss or interdental brush). Smoking, systematic diseases, stress, cardiovascular diseases, epilepsy, down syndrome and poor nutrition can also trigger the gingival diseases.
HOW THE GINGIVAL CARE MUST BE DONE
Brushing with the most accurate technique is the most important factor. Brushing front, back, upper sides of teeth even if it hurt sor bleeds, using dental floss and using interdental brush are neccessary. Tooth paste brand is not so important in gingival treatment. Accurate brushing technique is more effective than the quality of tooth brush.